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Description: Euphorbia 'Pencil Cactus', also known as Euphorbia tirucalli, is a striking succulent shrub prized for its distinctive pencil-thin stems and minimalistic appearance. Belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family, this drought-tolerant plant is native to Africa and thrives in arid climates. Despite its common name, the 'Pencil Cactus' is not a true cactus but rather a succulent with pencil-like green stems that grow vertically, giving it a sculptural and modern aesthetic. With proper care, this low-maintenance plant can add a touch of architectural interest to any indoor or outdoor space.

🌵 Botanical Name: Euphorbia tirucalli (Pencil Cactus)

💧 Care Level: Easy. Euphorbia 'Pencil Cactus' is relatively low-maintenance and requires minimal attention once established.

📏 Size: The 'Pencil Cactus' can reach a height of 6 to 10 feet (1.8 to 3 meters) with a spread of 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 meters), although size may vary depending on growing conditions and care.

☀️ Light: Place the 'Pencil Cactus' in full sunlight to partial shade. It thrives in bright, indirect light but can tolerate direct sunlight for several hours each day. If grown indoors, provide it with as much natural light as possible, such as near a south- or west-facing window.

💧 Water: Water the 'Pencil Cactus' sparingly, allowing the soil to dry out completely between waterings. In the growing season (spring and summer), water approximately once every 2 to 3 weeks. Reduce watering frequency in the winter months, watering only when the soil is dry.

💦 Humidity: Euphorbia 'Pencil Cactus' prefers low humidity environments and is well-suited to dry indoor conditions. Avoid misting the plant, as excess moisture can lead to rot.

🌡️ Temperature: The 'Pencil Cactus' prefers temperatures between 65°F to 85°F (18°C to 29°C). It is not frost-tolerant and should be protected from temperatures below 50°F (10°C).

❄️ Hardiness: Euphorbia 'Pencil Cactus' is best grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 9-11. In colder climates, it can be grown indoors as a houseplant.

🌱 Soil: Plant the 'Pencil Cactus' in well-draining cactus or succulent potting mix. Alternatively, you can use a mixture of regular potting soil and perlite or sand to improve drainage.

🌱 Fertilizing: Feed the 'Pencil Cactus' with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half the recommended strength once a month during the growing season. Avoid fertilizing in the winter months.

🔄 Pruning: Pruning is generally not necessary for the 'Pencil Cactus'. However, you can trim back any unwanted or overgrown stems using sharp, clean scissors or pruning shears.

🚨 Caution: Handle Euphorbia 'Pencil Cactus' with care, as the milky sap produced by the plant can be toxic and irritating to the skin and eyes. Wear gloves when handling the plant and keep it out of reach of children and pets.

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