Appearance: The plant's common name comes from the arrowhead-shaped leaves, which become more lobed and divided as the plant matures. Young plants often have leaves that are entirely green, but many varieties have leaves that are variegated with white, cream, or pale green. As the plant matures, it can develop a climbing or trailing growth habit.
Light: Arrowhead plants prefer bright, indirect light. They can tolerate low light conditions but their growth may slow and variegated varieties may lose some of their markings. Direct sunlight can scorch the leaves.
Water: These plants prefer their soil to be kept consistently moist but not waterlogged. Allow the top inch of the soil to dry out before watering again. Overwatering can lead to root rot.
Soil: A well-draining potting mix is suitable for this plant. You could use a standard indoor plant potting mix. To improve drainage, you could add some perlite or coarse sand to the mix.
Temperature: Arrowhead plants prefer warm conditions and do not tolerate cold drafts or temperatures below 60°F (16°C). They grow best in temperatures between 60-75°F (16-24°C).
Propagation: The easiest way to propagate an arrowhead plant is through stem cuttings. Cut just below a node, remove the lower leaves, and then you can place it in water until roots form, or plant it directly into soil.
Pests and Problems: Common problems include yellow leaves (usually a sign of overwatering) and browning leaf tips (which can indicate too dry air or soil). They may occasionally be affected by common houseplant pests like aphids, mealybugs, or spider mites.
Note: All parts of the Arrowhead Plant are poisonous if ingested, so it should be kept out of reach of children and pets.
In summary, the Arrowhead Plant is a versatile, attractive houseplant that can bring a touch of tropical appeal to an indoor space. Its easy-care nature and adaptable light requirements make it a popular choice for both novice and experienced plant owners.